Sports Medicine

 

 

 

Over the counter sports medicines are far less effective than prescribed compounded agents. The immediate use of these compounds after injuries are especiallly effective in minimizing soft-tissue damage. Acute injuries like sprains, strains, or fractures are common in those who participate in a contact-collision sport like boxing, marshal arts, and football. These athlets can also sustain cuts, rashes and abrasions. Depending on injuries, different compounds cotaining one ore more active ingredient, prescribed by a supervising physician, can be compounded and readily available for coaches and trainers.

  

Cuts and abrasions

LAT ( Lidocaine 4%, Epinephrine 0.05%, and Tetracaine 0.5%) can be prepared in either spray solution or as a topical gel. The preparation is applied immediately after injury.

 

Muscle Cramps 

To prevent muscle cramps, a combination of guafenesin 10%, lidocaine 4%, and baclofen 4% can

be applied topically as a transdermal gel to enhance the penetration through the skin.

 

Muscle Relaxants 

Cyclobenazprine in concentration of 0.5% and 1% applied topically once or twice a day is effective in treating muscle spasms especially in the back. Guaifenesin in a 10% or 20% conentration is also helpful topically as an ultrasound solution or a penetrating gel which can be applied several times a day as needed to relieve pain.

 

Scar Tissue

Case studies showed that a low concentration of Acetic Acid ranging from 2% to 4% in an iontophoresis  solution applied by a professional health care provider can reduce scar tissue.

 

Inflammation, Sprains, and Strains 

To minimize inflammation and treat sprains and strains, Dexamethasone in a 0.4% concentration applied as an iontophoresis solution or as a transdermal gel is effective especially if applied immediately after injury. Ketoprofen, an anti-inflammatory agent, has far less side effects and more potent action at the site when applied topically as a skin penetrating gel in concentrations ranging from 5% to 15%.